La Chaise fait partie à New York de la collection permanente du Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) depuis 1949. Charles and Ray began creating tooling and molding plywood into chairs in the second bedroom of the apartment, eventually finding more adequate work spaces in Venice. Conçue pour John Entenza, cette maison est voisine de la Eames House. Shortly after, Charles and Ray were married (June 17, 1941) in Chicago. Powers of Ten (narrated by physicist Philip Morrison) gives a dramatic demonstration of orders of magnitude by visually zooming away from the earth to the edge of the universe, and then microscopically zooming into the nucleus of a carbon atom. She also contributed to the Eames furniture advertisements for Herman Miller (since 1948). "Charles Eames Furniture from the Design Collection of Modern Art, New York". Charles was the public face of the Eames Office, but Ray and Charles worked together as creative partners and employed a diverse creative staff. Nasceu em Sacramento, Califórnia, filha de Alexander e Edna Burr Kaiser, e irmã de Maurice. The metal splints were mass produced and used simple designs molded in one plane rather the a more ergonomic compound curved design that better responded to the human body. Charles and Eero Saarinen were hired to design Case Study House number 8, which would be the residence of Charles and Ray, and Case Study House number 9, which would house John Entenza, in 1945. Charles and Ray were asked to participate in the Case Study House Program, a housing program sponsored by Arts & Architecture magazine in the hopes of showcasing examples of economically-priced modern homes that utilized wartime and industrial materials. Charles Ormond Eames, Jr. /ˈiːmz/ (1907–1978) and Bernice Alexandra "Ray" Kaiser Eames (1912–1988) were an American married couple of industrial designers who made significant historical contributions to the development of modern architecture and furniture through the work of the Eames Office. Os filmes também registam o processo de montagem das suas exposições ou a produção das suas peças de mobiliário. Charles arrived at the school on an industrial design fellowship as recommended by Eliel Saarinen, but soon became an instructor. Herman Miller, along with their European counterpart Vitra, remain the only licensed manufacturers of Eames furnitures and products. [7], In 1936, Eames became a founding member of the American Abstract Artists group and displayed paintings in their first show in 1937 at Riverside Museum in Manhattan. Herman Miller officially relocated the tooling and resources for the mass production of Eames designs to its headquarters in Zeeland, Michigan in 1958. Although Charles did not concern himself with the future of their designs after their death, Ray was actively planning the continuation of the Eames legacy during the last decade of her life. Kugler, Jolanthe. It remains a milestone of modern architecture. In addition to their initial attempts in the molding of plywood into functional furniture, the Eameses developed a leg splint for wounded soldiers during WWII. Ray Kaiser ja Charles Eames tutvusid 1941. aastal. Her architect friend, Ben Baldwin, recommended that she would enjoy studying at the Cranbrook Academy of Art in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan. The first of these, Mathematica: A World of Numbers... and Beyond (1961), was sponsored by IBM, and is the only Eames exhibition still in existence. The Eames Office continues its work in educating and advocating for the legacy of the Eameses, which includes occasionally releasing previously un-produced Eames designs. Um ano mais tarde tiveram uma filha, Lucia. [11] Two of her textile patterns were distinguished with awards in a textile competition organized by MoMA. This was in response to the war's medical officers in combat zones reporting the need for improved emergency transport splints. [6] The US navy's funding for the splints allowed Charles and Ray to begin experimenting more heavily with furniture designs and mass production. Eero Saarinen had no part in this second draft of the Eames House; it was a full collaboration between Charles and Ray. Charles Eames, Jr (June 17, 1907 – August 21, 1978) nasceu em St. Louis (Missouri).Era o sobrinho do arquitecto William S. Eames. Em 1979, o Royal Institute of British Architects homenageou o trabalho de ambos com a Medalha de Ouro. Because of post-war material rationing, the materials ordered for the first draft of the Eames House (called “the Bridge House”) were backordered. [2] Edna was Episcopalian and Alexander was raised Jewish but did not practice; Ray and Maurice were raised as Episcopalians. Em Setembro de 1940 inicia estudos na Cranbrook Academy of Art, no Michigan. Charles Ormond Eames (1907–1978) ja Bernice Alexandra "Ray" Kaiser Eames (1912–1988) olid Ameerika Ühendriikide disainerid ja visionäärid.. Charles Eames asutas oma eduka arhitektuuribüroo 1930. aastal. Durante a década de 50, o casal Eames prossegue o seu trabalho na arquitectura e design de mobiliário. [3], In celebration of what would have been Ray's 100th birthday, Vitra renamed a street at its Basel Campus "Ray-Eames-Strasse 1" in her honor.[14]. Elle est conçue par Charles Eames et Eero Saarinen avant d'être substantiellement modifiée par Charles et Ray Eames. Nad abiellusid samal aastal ja neist sai rahvusvaheliselt tuntud loominguline tandem. Desde o início da sua actividade, o mobiliário dos Eames era listado apenas pelo nome de Charles Eames. The chair won first prize, but its form was unable to be successfully mass produced. O casal Eames também concebeu e desenhou várias exposições notáveis. The Ray Eames textiles have been re-issued by Maharam as part of their “Textiles of the Twentieth Century” collection. The Navy commissioned the Eameses to mass produce 150,000 units of their splint design. Os têxteis eram desenhados sobretudo por Ray, assim como os bancos Time Life. [2], Eames lived alone in New York City until she left the Hoffman Studio to return home to care for her ailing mother. From their first film, the unfinished Traveling Boy (1950), to the most-recognized Powers of Ten (re-released in 1977), to their last film in 1982,[10] their cinematic work was an outlet for ideas, a vehicle for experimentation and education. Charles Ormond Eames, Jr. / ˈ iː m z / (1907–1978) and Bernice Alexandra "Ray" Kaiser Eames (1912–1988) were an American married team of industrial designers who made significant historical contributions to the development of modern architecture and furniture through the work of The Eames Office. [9], Ray Eames had a sense for form and color and is largely responsible for what is recognized as the Eames "look". Her parents taught her the quality of enjoyment which later led to inventions in furniture design and toys. Eames products were manufactured on Washington Boulevard until the 1950s. Their company became the Molded Plywood Products Division[12] of Evans Plywood. At the time of Charles' death they were working on what became their last production, the Eames Sofa, which went into production thanks to Ray's efforts in 1984. The design office of Charles and Ray Eames functioned for more than four decades (1943–1988) in the former Bay Cities Garage[2] at 901 Abbot Kinney Boulevard in Venice, Los Angeles, California. Durante o final da década de 40, cria vários padrões têxteis, dois dos quais foram produzidos pela Schiffer Prints, empresa que também produziu tecidos da autoria de Salvador Dalí e Frank Lloyd Wright. Little remains of her art from this period as it was lost. Peças originais destes trabalhos podem ser vistas em várias colecções de museus. The home (alongside other Case Study houses) would share a five-acre parcel of land in the Pacific Palisades neighborhood north of Santa Monica, which overlooked the Pacific Ocean. A convite de Eliel, Charles muda-se com a sua família em 1938 para o Michigan de modo a prosseguir os estudos de arquitectura na Academia de Arte de Cranbrook, onde mais tarde chegaria a professor e responsável pelo departamento de design industrial. O casal produzia frequentemente curtas metragens para documentar os seus interesses, como o coleccionismo de brinquedos e de artefactos culturais durante as suas viagens. [2][4], The family lived in an apartment for much of Ray's early childhood and moved to a bungalow outside of town. In 1979, the Royal Institute of British Architects awarded Charles and Ray with the Royal Gold Medal. The Eames Office's productivity slowed after the death of Charles Eames in August 1978. She worked with Harry Bertoia, Eero Saarinen, Charles Eames, and others on the display panels for the exhibition "Organic Design in Home Furnishings" at the Museum of Modern Art.[9]. Em 1948 e 1952, os catálogos da Herman Miller apenas mencionam Charles, mas ficou evidente que a mulher Ray, pela magnitude da sua participação e envolvimento, deveria ser considerada nos mesmos termos do marido. The Eameses moved in on Christmas Eve and it became their only residence for the remainder of their lives. [citation needed]. Em actividade ao longo de mais de quatro décadas (1943-88) na Washington Boulevard em Venice na Clifórnia, o gabinete de Charles e Ray Eames, acolheu na sua equipa vários designers notáveis, como Henry Beer, Richard Foy, Don Albinson, Deborah Sussman, Harry Bertoia e Gregory Ain, que foi engenheiro-chefe para os Eames durante a II Guerra Mundial. The Eameses also conceived and designed a number of exhibitions. Em 1930 deu início ao seu próprio gabinete de arquitectura em St. Louis, em parceria com Charles Gray. [9] Approximately 1.5 million two-dimensional objects were organized and donated by Ray to the Library of Congress for archival safekeeping. Powers of Ten, narrado pelo físico Philip Morrison, oferece uma demonstração dramática das ordens de magnitude através do afastamento visual da Terra em direcção à fronteira perceptível do universo, aproximando-se em seguida do núcleo de um átomo de carbono. Ray Eames morreu em Los Angeles em 1988, dez anos depois do seu marido. Ray Eames did not do drawings, but she documented and kept track of everything that was worked on in the Eames Office. Localizada numa coline com vista para o Pacífico e construída à mão numa questão de dias com base em peças de aço pré-fabricadas destinadas à produção industrial, permanece um marco da arquitetura moderna. Following a quick courtship, Eames married Charles Eames in 1941. Separately from Charles and the Eames Office, she designed twenty-seven cover designs for the journal Arts & Architecture from 1942 to 1948. Enquanto estudante na Universidade de Washington, conheceu a sua primeira mulher, Catherine Woermann, com quem casaria em 1929. In the 1948 and 1952 Herman Miller bound catalogs, only Charles' name is listed, but it has become clear that Ray was deeply involved and was an equal partner with her husband in many projects. New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1973 (. a German version of the Mathematica exhibition), was a consultant to IBM, published books, gave lectures, accepted awards, and administered the Eames archive and estate. Uma das suas telas está na colecção permanente do Museu Whitney de Arte Americana. They learned of their love for the eucalyptus grove, the expanse of land, and the unobstructed view of the ocean. The Eames fabrics were designed solely by Ray. Charles e Ray Eames no Design Museum, Londres (1998), Drexler, Arthur. The Eames Office designed a few more pieces of architecture, many of which were never put into fruition. They made the decision to not build the Bridge House and instead reconfigured the materials to create two separate structures nestled into the property’s hillside. It was there that Eames learned a variety of arts, not limiting herself to abstract painting. Their honeymoon was a road trip in which the pair relocated permanently from the Midwest to Los Angeles. They also worked in the fields of industrial and graphic design, fine art, and film. The Eameses moved in on Christmas Eve and it became their only residence for the remainder of their lives. Eero Saarinen had no part in this second draft of the Eames House; it was a full collaboration between Charles and Ray. CSH n° 9 : Charles Eames et Eero Saarinen, Entenza House, Pacific Palisades. He relocated to Michigan to attend the Cranbrook Academy of Art. [6], In 1933, Eames graduated from the May Friend Bennett Women's College in Millbrook, New York (where her art teacher was Lu Duble), and moved to New York City to study abstract expressionist painting with Duble's mentor, Hans Hofmann. Várias fontes afirmam que teria sido afastado pela sua defesa de Frank Lloyd Wright e pelo seu interesse em arquitectos modernos, e alegadamente porque as suas posições seriam "demasiadamente modernas"[1] Outras fontes, citadas com menos frequência, fazem notar que Charles Eames, ao mesmo tempo que estudava era também funcionário do gabinete de arquitectura Trueblood and Graf. The graphic and commercial artwork of the Eames Office projects can be largely attributed to Ray. [13], Ray Eames died in Cedars Sinai Hospital, Los Angeles, California, on August 21st, 1988, ten years to the day after Charles. No fim da década de 40, Charles desenhou e construiu para ambos a pioneira Eames House, integrada no programa "Case Study Houses" da publicação Arts & Arhitecture. [15] The exhibition ran for one year and featured work produced by Ray before she met Charles in 1941 in addition to the work of The Eames Office. Eames and Saarinen’s goal was to mold a single piece of plywood into a chair; the Organic Chair was born out of this attempt. They are buried next to each other in Calvary Cemetery in St. Louis. Edna died in 1940. The Eameses worked approximately 13-hour days, six or seven days a week, and directed the work of a team of collaborators. [1] Among their most recognized designs is the Eames Lounge Chair and the Eames Dining Chair. The couple often produced short films in order to document their interests, such as collecting toys and cultural artifacts on their travels. [8][9] Dot Pattern was conceived for The Museum of Modern Art’s “Competition for Printed Fabrics” in 1947. Charles entered into a furniture competition—with his “best friend” Eero Saarinen—hosted by the Museum of Modern Art. Desde a sua primeira obra, o incompleto "Traveling Boy" de 1950, até ao extraordinário Powers of Ten de 1977, o seu trabalho no cinema tem sido visto como um meio de difusão para ideias e um veículo de experimentalismo e educação. La Chaise rappelle la forme d'une chaise longue.. L'objet est manufacturé depuis 1991 par le fabricant suisse de meubles Vitra, qui produit également d'autres modèles du couple Eames. [16], creative partnership with her spouse Charles Eames, "The Work of Charles and Ray Eames: A Legacy of Invention", "Pioneering Women of American Architecture", "Charles Eames (1907–1978) and Ray Eames (1912–1988)", "Charles Eames and Ray Eames Papers: A Finding Aid to the Collection in the Library of Congress", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ray_Eames&oldid=984675861, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 October 2020, at 12:50. Charles and Ray spent many days and nights on-site in the meadow picnicking, shooting arrows, and socializing with family, friends, and coworkers. She founded the Eames Foundation in 2004 in order to preserve and share the legacy of the Eames House with the public for future generations. [3] Eames' father managed a vaudeville theatre, the Empress Theater (now the Crest Theatre), in Sacramento until 1920, when he became an insurance salesman, later owning a downtown office to better support his family. The materials were finally delivered and the house was erected from February through December 1949. This entry refers to a sample of the works done by Ray. Charles’s daughter, Lucia Eames, inherited the Eames collections and Eames House. Charles Eames, Jr (June 17, 1907 – August 21, 1978) nasceu em St. Louis (Missouri). Unbuilt projects include the Billy Wilder House, the prefabricated kit home known as the Kwikset House, and a national aquarium. Foi uma dos fundadores do grupo American Abstract Artists em 1936, tendo exibido obras na sua primeira exposição um ano mais tarde no Riverside Museum em Manhattan. The Eames Office designed a few more pieces of architecture, many of which were never put into fruition. She authored a book featuring all Eames Office projects from 1941 until the mid-80s, although much of it was altered before publication (just after Ray's death). Esta página foi editada pela última vez às 12h27min de 19 de junho de 2019. John Entenza, the owner and editor of Arts & Architecture magazine, recognized the importance of Charles and Ray’s thinking and design practices—alongside becoming a close friend of the couple. The materials were finally delivered and the house was erected from February through December of 1949. [10] Settling in Los Angeles, California, Charles and Ray Eames began an outstanding career in design and architecture. [3] Through the years, its staff included many notable designers: Henry Beer and Richard Foy, now co-chairmen of CommArts, Inc.; Don Albinson; Deborah Sussman; Annette Del Zoppo; Peter Jon Pearce; Harry Bertoia; and Gregory Ain (who was Chief Engineer for the Eameses during World War II).[4]. Tal como no trabalho inicial em contraplacado, os Eames são pioneiros na utilização de inúmeras técnicas, como a fibra de vidro, cadeiras em resina plástica, e as cadeiras em malha de metal concebidas para o fabricante de equipamento de escritório Herman Miller. [5] The Eameses created their splints from wood veneers, which they bonded together with a resin glue and shaped into compound curves using a process involving heat and pressure. From the beginning, the Eames furniture has usually been listed as by Charles Eames. Lucia Eames died in 2014, leaving her five children as the Board of Directors of the Eames Office and Eames Foundation. Charles Ormond Eames, Jr (1907–1978) e Bernice Alexandra "Ray" Eames (1912–1988) foram um casal de designers norte-americanos, autores de contribuições significativas e notáveis para a arquitectura e mobiliário modernos, com uma vasta obra nos campos do design gráfico e industrial, belas artes e cinema. The Eameses believed in "learning by doing"- before introducing a new idea at the Eames Office, Charles and Ray explored needs and constraints of the idea extensively. The two homes (alongside other Case Study houses) would share a five-acre parcel of land in the Pacific Palisades neighborhood north of Santa Monica, which overlooked the Pacific Ocean. A primeira delas, Mathematica: a world of numbers...and beyond (1961), foi financiada pela IBM e é a única das suas exposições ainda existente, e considerada o modelo para exposições de divulgação científica no meio popular. [16], I never gave up painting, I just changed my palette. One film, Blacktop, filmed soap suds and water moving over the pavement of a parking lot, a normally mundane subject turned visually poetic. Charles and Ray spent many days and nights on-site in the meadow picnicking, shooting arrows, and socializing with family, friends, and coworkers. Alguns dos seus outros filmes abrangem temas mais intelectuais. The World of Franklin and Jefferson (1975), construída para a comissão de comemoração do bicentenário dos Estados Unidos. They made the decision to not build the Bridge House and instead reconfigured the materials to create two separate structures nestled into the property’s hillside. This idea came when one of Eameses medical friends, told the Eameses about the problems caused by unhygienic metal splints. "Charles Eames Furniture from the Design Collection of Modern Art, New York". Le Bureau Eames. The "Powers of Ten shot" has been referenced by Hollywood as a praised filming technique. [5] Entre os vários projectos de relevo que surgiram no gabinete estão as cadeiras em contraplacado moldado DCW ("Dining Chair Wood") e DCM ("Dining Chair Metal") em 1945, Eames Lounge Chair de 1956, o mobiliário para o Aluminium Group em 1958, a Eames Chaise, desenhada em 1968 para o amigo de Charles, o realizador Billy Wilder, a Do-Nothing Machine em 1957, experiências com energia solar e um vasto número de brinquedos. Three years after arriving in Los Angeles, Charles and Ray were asked to participate in the Case Study House Program, a housing program sponsored by Arts & Architecture magazine in the hopes of showcasing examples of economically-priced modern homes that utilized wartime and industrial materials. [2] Eames was known to her family as Ray Ray. [6], In 1947, Eames created several textile designs, two of which, "Crosspatch" and "Sea Things", were produced by Schiffer Prints, a company that also produced textiles by Salvador Dalí and Frank Lloyd Wright. They learned of their love for the eucalyptus grove, the expanse of land, and the unobstructed view of the ocean. The films also record the process of hanging their exhibits or producing classic furniture designs. [1], Ray Eames was born in Sacramento, California to Alexander and Edna Burr Kaiser, and had an older brother named Maurice. Charles attended Washington University from 1936-1938 and was expelled from the architecture program due to his loyalty to the practices of Frank Lloyd Wright. It was followed by A Computer Perspective: Background to the Computer Age (1971) and The World of Franklin and Jefferson (1975–1977), among others. The Herman Miller Showroom on Beverly Boulevard in Los Angeles was built in 1950 and the De Pree House was constructed in Zeeland, Michigan for Max De Pree, son of the founder of Herman Miller, and his growing family. She was a member of the Art Club, the Big Sister Club, and was on the decorating committee for the senior dance. Charles and Ray channeled their separate interest in photography and theatre into the production of 125 short films. Charles Eames foi bastante influenciado pelo arquitecto finlandês Eliel Saarinen, cujo filho Eero, também arquitecto, viria a ser seu sócio e amigo. Eames has a painting in the permanent collection of The Whitney Museum of American Art. The first of the Eameses’ plywood pieces was a splint made for the US Navy. Charles estudaria por algum tempo arquitectura na Universidade Washington em St. Louis com o apoio de uma bolsa de estudo, tendo desistido após dois anos. Charles Eames morreu de ataque cardíaco em 21 de Agosto de 1978 durante uma viagem à sua terra natal. Em 1941, e em parceria com Eero Saarinen, desenhou mobiliário para a competição "Organic Design in Home Furnishings" Museu de Arte Moderna de Nova Iorque. Among their most well-known designs is the Eames Lounge Chair. Ray asked that Lucia and the rest of the Eames family be responsible for all future decisions in regard to Eames designs, the work of the Office, and the preservation of the Eames House and meadow. CSH n° 8 : Charles et Ray Eames, Eames House, Pacific Palisades. Butler, Cornelia and Alexandra Schwartz eds. She documented and protected the enormous collection of photographs that the office accumulated over the years. Ray Eames's early background in fashion design proved useful for this project, as the design for the splint's form resembled a clothing pattern with a system of darts to contour the plywood to the shape of a soldier's leg. Ray Eames worked on several unfinished projects (e.g. Their first home, after staying in a hotel for a few weeks, was Neutra’s Strathmore Apartments in the Westwood neighborhood. Ray-Bernice Alexandra Kaiser Eames (15 de Dezembro de 1912 – 21 de Agosto de 1988) foi uma artista, designer e cineasta norte-americana que, em conjunto com o seu marido Charles, foi responsável por muitos ícones do design do século XX. Unbuilt projects include the Billy Wilder House, the prefabricated kit home known as the Kwikset House, and a national aquarium. Em 1943, 1944 e 1947, Ray Eames desenha várias capas para a publicação de referência Arts & Architecture. Eames and Saarinen considered it a failure, as the tooling for molding a chair from a single piece of wood had not yet been invented. Mais tarde, juntar-se-ia um terceiro sócio, Walter Pauley. Charles was consistently advocating that Ray was his equal. Ray stepped in to help with the graphic design for their entry. On February 23rd, 2013 a 3,300-square-foot exhibition titled “Ray Eames: A Century of Modern Design,” opened in the Sacramento, California Museum. New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1973 (. Ray-Bernice Alexandra Kaiser Eames, née Kaiser (December 15, 1912 – August 21, 1988), was an American artist, designer, and filmmaker. Charles Eames. Também em 1941, Charles e Catarina divorciaram-se, tendo casado em seguida com a sua colega de Cranbrook Ray Kaiser, nascida em Sacramento, na Califórnia. Because of post-war material rationing, the materials ordered for the first draft of the Eames House (called “the Bridge House”) were backordered. Her parents also instilled the value of enjoyment of nature. Por volta dos seus 14 anos, enquanto estudante do ensino secundário, Charles trabalhou em part-time na Laclede Steel Company, onde adquiriu conhecimentos de engenharia, desenho e arquitectura e onde mantinha a ideia de um dia vir a ser arquitecto. Conhece Charles Eames durante a preparação de desenhos e maquetes para a competição "Organic Design in Home Furnishings", e casar-se-iam no ano seguinte.[4]. Mathematica: a world of numbers...and beyond, Charles Ormond Eames : architect biography, «CHARLES AND RAY EAMES: A Register of Their Papers in the Library of Congress», Review: Charles and Ray Eames at Design Museum, The Library of Congress Website for The Work of Charles & Ray Eames, The Industrial Designers Society of America Charles Eames page, The Metropolitan Museum of Art Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History Page on Charles & Ray Eames, Art Directors Club biography, portrait and images of work, Ray Eames on The California Museum's California Legacy Trails, "A Communications Primer"(1953) at the Internet Archive, https://pt.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Charles_e_Ray_Eames&oldid=55525460, !Páginas que usam hiperligações mágicas ISBN, Atribuição-CompartilhaIgual 3.0 Não Adaptada (CC BY-SA 3.0) da Creative Commons, Casa modelo do St. Louis Post-Dispatch (193? A par do trabalho de design, o interesse de Cherles pela fotografia traduziu-se na concepção de várias curtas-metragens. Anything I can do, Ray can do better. The splint funding allowed for Charles and Ray to expand their production and experimentation of creating furniture with plywood. Ray morreria 10 anos mais tarde. In the years before her death Ray hosted visiting student groups, numbering in the region of fifty to sixty, and was planning to host one hundred members of the American Institute of Architects to view the house and picnic in the meadow. "Eames Furniture Sourcebook" Weil am Rhein, Germany Vitra Design Museum 2017, This page was last edited on 10 November 2020, at 00:29. In August 2005, Maharam fabrics reissued Eames designed fabrics; Sea Things (1947) pattern and Dot Pattern. [2] As exigências de tempo por parte deste emprego a par das aulas, levaram à privação do sono e à diminuição da sua prestação académica. The Herman Miller Showroom on Beverly Boulevard in Los Angeles was built in 1950 and the De Pree House was constructed in Zeeland, Michigan for the founder of Herman Miller’s son, Max De Pree, and his growing family. [8] The AAA group promoted abstract art at a time when major galleries refused to show it. She was a key figure in the New York art scene at that time and was friends with Lee Krasner and Mercedes Matter, who were important figures in abstract expressionism. [5] With the introduction of plywood splints, they were able to replace problematic metal traction splints that had side effects of inducing gangrene due to impairment of blood circulation. Ray enrolled in various courses to expand upon her previous education in abstract painting in New York City under the guidance of Hans Hofmann. Charles and Eero Saarinen were hired to design Case Study House number 8, which would be the residence of Charles and Ray, in 1945. Na altura da sua morte, encontravam-se a trabalhar no que seria a sua última produção em série, o Sofá Eames, produzido em 1984. O casal mudou-se então para Los Angeles, local onde trabalhariam o resto da vida. This attribute made the difference between "good, very good, and 'Eames'." Depois de viver em várias cidades durante a juventude, em 1933 graduou-se no Colégio Bennett, em Millbrook, mudando-se em seguida para Nova Iorque, onde estudou pintura expressionista abstracta com Hans Hofmann. Este texto é disponibilizado nos termos da licença.

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