“I Was Born For Rape” ― Pedophile Josef Fritzl And His Forlorn Daughter Elisabeth Fritzl, The World’s Most Sick And Twisted Criminals Who Were Allowed To Go Free, The Killing Of Timothy McLean: One Of The Most Horrifying Murders Ever Committed. An original floor board from Flight 401 remains in the archives at History Miami in South Florida. The mud of the Everglades may have blocked wounds sustained by survivors, preventing them from bleeding to death. 2 engine continuing to deliver thrust during the actual breakup of the aircraft. Flight 401’s chain of problems began on the approach to Florida two hours after departure. Eastern Air Lines Flight 401 was a scheduled flight from New York to Miami. In another 50 seconds, the plane was at half its assigned altitude.[5]:5. [6]:107–108 Donadeo, the lone survivor of the four flight-deck occupants, recovered from his injuries. The crash occurred while the entire cockpit crew was preoccupied with a burnt-out landing gear indicator light. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. The engineer had recognized the stranger. [5]:4 In the next 70 seconds, the plane lost only 250 ft (76 m), but this was enough to trigger the altitude warning C-chord chime located under the engineer's workstation. Eastern Air Lines Flight 401 departed New York for Miami on December 29, 1972. 1 engine and the port main undercarriage. [19] Pieces of Flight 401's wreckage can also be found in Ed and Lorraine Warren's Occult Museum in Monroe, Connecticut.[20]. [11] The swamp absorbed much of the energy of the crash, lessening the impact on the aircraft. Upon inquiring, my mother who was a teacher gave her usual reply, “look it up.” Of course, the World Book Encyclopedia did not have any reference thereto. Fuller recounts stories of paranormal events aboard other Eastern aircraft, and the belief that these were caused by equipment salvaged from the wreckage of Flight 401. [15][16] Gossip regarding the sighting of the spirits of Don Repo and Bob Loft spread throughout Eastern Air Lines to the point where Eastern's management warned employees that they could face dismissal if caught spreading ghost stories. [5]:30[6]:99 The aircraft was fleet number 310, and the 10th Tristar delivered to the carrier. [5]:3, The flight was routine until 23:32, when the plane began its approach into Miami International Airport. [25] The TV movie Crash was aired in October 1978. He immediately drove to Eastern’s miami offices and decided to charter a helicopter to the crash site as the swampy terrain made rescue difficult and Eastern had not heard any news of progress in rescue efforts. Flight 401 was under the command of Captain Robert Albin Loft, 55, a veteran Eastern Airline pilot. Aircraft 310 was one of a dozen L-1011s Lockheed had delivered to Eastern Airlines that year, and it was one of the best of the bunch. Therefore, the crash was due to the pilot-error. The pilots cycled the landing gear, but still failed to get the confirmation light and they crashed abruptly. The Lockheed L-1011 crashed into the Florida Everglades. Flashlights are now standard equipment near jumpseats, and all jumpseats are outfitted with shoulder harnesses. The fact that the tail assembly—rear fuselage, No. Captain Loft was found during the autopsy to have an undetected brain tumor, in an area that controls vision. While the crew was focused on the landing gear indicator, the plane unknowingly came down at a lower altitude and abruptly crashed. Over time, the reporting of ghost sightings stopped. On the floor was a pair of plastic Eastern Airlines wings. As Stockstill started another turn, onto 180°, he noticed the discrepancy. Flight 401 was referenced in season one of Supernatural, episode four: “Phantom Traveler”, which aired on October 4, 2005. Based on Fuller's book, it focused on the ghost sightings surrounding the aftermath. Flight attendants of flight 401. Crash. On December of 1972, an Eastern Airlines Tri-Star jetliner, Flight 401, crashed into a Florida swamp. [5]:27–29, A company employee—technical officer Angelo Donadeo, 47, returning to Miami from an assignment in New York—accompanied the flight crew for the journey, but was officially an off-duty, "nonrevenue passenger". Eastern Air Lines Flight 401 was a scheduled flight from New York to Miami.Shortly before midnight on December 29, 1972, the Lockheed L-1011-1 Tristar crashed into the Florida Everglades, causing 101 fatalities. Frank Borman, prior to becoming CEO of Eastern Airlines, arrived at the crash scene and helped to rescue the flight passengers. Sorry; no personal replies. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. It was the Lockheed L-1011-1 Tristar model which, on December 29, 1972, left New York’s John F. Kennedy airport and crashed into the Florida Everglades, causing 101 fatalities. The other 101 people on Eastern Airlines Flight 401 died quite horribly — 98 in the Everglades where the airplane crashed, three later in hospitals. Include your full name and hometown. The crash was featured in season five of the Discovery Channel Canada / National Geographic TV series Mayday, in a 2009 episode called "Fatal Distraction".[9]. [6]:98, Flight 401 departed JFK Airport in New York on Friday, December 29, 1972, at 21:20 EST, with 163 passengers and 13 crew members on board. In the year that followed, stories swirled that flight crews, attendants and passengers swore to several sightings of Repo and, briefly, Captain Bob Loft, on Eastern planes. He told me in 1997 there were too many coincidences. "It Took Me 9 Days To Eat Her.." – A Twisted Letter From The Infamous Cannibal Albert Fish To His Victim's Mom. [6]:102,108 Stockstill was killed on impact, while Captain Loft died in the wreckage of the flight deck before he could be transported to a hospital. [5]:6[5]:16[9] However, the NTSB concluded that the captain's tumor did not contribute to the accident. Readers: Here’s another story in honor of Halloween. Shortly before midnight on December 29, 1972. The slight forward pressure on the stick would have caused the aircraft to enter a slow descent, maintained by the CWS system. He swore witnesses told him directly. Over the following months and years, employees of Eastern Air Lines began reporting sightings of the dead crew members, captain Robert Loft and second officer Donald Repo, sitting on board other L-1011 flights. No complete cross-section of the passenger cabin remained, and both the port wing and tailplane were demolished to fragments. It is said that this is the reason Loft and Repo haunted Flight 401 – to keep future flights safe from human error. [5]:23 In this mode, once the pilot releases pressure on the yoke (control column or wheel), the autopilot maintains the pitch attitude selected by the pilot until he moves the yoke again. [6]:110, Investigation into the aircraft's autopilot showed that the force required to switch to CWS mode was different between the A and B channels (15 vs. 20 lbf or 6.8 vs. 9.1 kgf, respectively). [6]:108 The most common injuries were fractures of ribs, spines, pelvises, and lower extremities. Investigators believe the autopilot switched modes when the captain accidentally leaned against the yoke while turning to speak to the flight engineer, who was sitting behind and to the right of him. © 2020 M Y S T E R I E S R U N S O L V E D | ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. [5]:22[6]:109, The final NTSB report cited the cause of the crash as pilot error, specifically: "the failure of the flight crew to monitor the flight instruments during the final four minutes of flight, and to detect an unexpected descent soon enough to prevent impact with the ground. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Frank Borman, a former NASA astronaut and Eastern's senior vice president of operations, was awoken at home by a phone call explaining of a probable crash. Flight log pages detailing incidents were torn out. The passengers enjoyed a routine flight until 11:32 PM when the flight was near its destination in Florida and the crew were preparing for landing. Pilots of Eastern Airline Flight 401 Don Repo and Bob Loft. These crackers came in wooden barrels. Here are Florida’s top 25 stories of all time, Get caught up on the stories you’ve missed, Your California Privacy Rights/Privacy Policy. The other crew members assisted Stockstill, but he also became distracted by the problem. While Eastern Airlines publicly denied some of their planes were haunted, they reportedly removed all the salvaged parts from their L-1011 fleet. The story of the crash and its aftermath was documented in John G. Fuller's 1976 book The Ghost of Flight 401. They faded by the end of 1974. After descending 250 feet (76 m) from the selected altitude of 2,000 feet (610 m), a C-chord sounded from the rear speaker. When the main part of the fuselage hit the ground, it continued to move through the grass and water, breaking up as it went. Officer Repo died the next day at the hospital. It was the Lockheed L-1011-1 Tristar model which, on December 29, 1972, left New York’s John F. Kennedy airport and crashed into the Florida Everglades, causing 101 fatalities. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Réservation de vols internationaux et nationaux, vol direct entre Shanghai et Londres, achat de billets en ligne, service 24 heures sur 24 et 7 jours sur 7, zone française, site officiel de China Eastern Airlines To get daily short stories, history bites and mystery updates, like us on, The Riddle Of The Sphinx: An Unsolved Ancient Mystery, Kodinhi – The Unsolved Mystery Of The Twin Town Of India, Bathsheba Sherman And The Evil Doll Annabelle: The True Story Behind ‘The Conjuring’. [22] Loft's widow and children did sue Fuller, for infringement of Loft's right of publicity, for invasion of privacy, and for intentional infliction of emotional distress, but the lawsuit was dismissed and the dismissal upheld by the Florida Fourth District Court of Appeal. The stranger said, “You don’t need to worry about the pre-flight.” Then the man simply vanished. Read more Florida history: Here are Florida’s top 25 stories of all time. His flight crew included First Officer Albert John (Bert) Stockstill, 39, who had 5,800 hours of flying experience (with 306 of them in the L-1011), and Second Officer (flight engineer) Donald Louis (Don) Repo, 51, who had 15,700 hours of flying experience, with 53 of them in the L-1011. [5]:23 Investigators believe this was due to the crew being distracted by the nose gear light, and because the flight engineer was not in his seat when it sounded, so would not have been able to hear it. The pilots and the flight engineer, two of 10 flight attendants, and 96 of 163 passengers died; 75 passengers and crew survived. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. The 52-year-old flight engineer was one of 101 people who’d died Dec. 29, 1972 when Eastern Flight 401, packed with holiday travelers, slammed into the Everglades 19 miles northwest of Miami International Airport. Eight passengers became infected; doctors used hyperbaric chambers to treat the infections. [5]:4 The engineer (Repo) had gone below, and no indication was heard of the pilots' voices recorded on the CVR that they heard the chime. On Dec. 29, 1972, Eastern Flight 401 from New York to Miami took off from JFK Airport at 9:20 pm. The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) investigation later discovered that the crash happened due to a burned-out light bulb. [5]:5 The plane was traveling at 227 miles per hour (197 kn; 365 km/h) when it hit the ground. The 52-year-old flight engineer was one of 101 people who’d died Dec. 29, 1972 when Eastern Flight 401, packed with holiday travelers, slammed into the Everglades 19 … The plane was a … Learn how and when to remove this template message, intentional infliction of emotional distress, List of accidents and incidents involving commercial aircraft, "Airliner carrying 167 crashes in Everglades", "Giant jetliner goes down in 'gator infested swamp", "Eastern Airlines, Inc. L-1011, N310EA, Miami, Florida, December 29, 1972", "Robert "Bud" Marquis's Obituary on San Francisco Chronicle", PART TWO: THE CRASH "It felt like a wild rollercoaster ride...", "A Lesson on the Importance of Crew Resource Management", "Lessons Learnt from the Crash of Eastern 401", https://www.facebook.com/pages/The-Warrens-Occult-Museum/126070474135029?sk=photos_albums, "Watch Days of Fury (1979) on the Internet Archive", Eastern Flight 401 The Story of the Crash, The Crash of Eastern Air Lines Flight 401-Epilogue, ASN Aircraft accident Lockheed L-1011-385-1 TriStar 1 N310EA Everglades, FL, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eastern_Air_Lines_Flight_401&oldid=987511051, Aviation accidents and incidents in the United States in 1972, Airliner accidents and incidents in Florida, Airliner accidents and incidents involving controlled flight into terrain, Airliner accidents and incidents caused by pilot error, Eastern Air Lines accidents and incidents, Accidents and incidents involving the Lockheed L-1011, December 1972 events in the United States, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 November 2020, at 14:45. Next week: Who was the first sitting president to visit Florida? [15][16][17], These rumors speculated that parts of the crashed aircraft were salvaged after the investigation and refitted into other L-1011s. The following conversation was recovered from the flight voice recorder later: Less than 10 seconds after this exchange, the jetliner crashed: The location was west-northwest of Miami, 18.7 mi (30.1 km) from the end of runway 9L. After lowering the gear, First Officer Stockstill noticed that the landing gear indicator, a green light identifying that the nose gear is properly locked in the "down" position, had not illuminated. The NTSB classified the injuries of one nonrevenue passenger and one other passenger as nonfatal, as their deaths occurred more than seven days after the accident. Marquis received burns to his face, arms, and legs—a result of spilled jet fuel from the crashed TriStar—but continued shuttling people in and out of the crash site that night and the next day. Both pilots and the flight engineer died, along with 2 out of 10 flight attendants and 96 of the 163 passengers on board. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. [12][13] The training is designed to make problem solving in a cockpit much more efficient, thus causing less distraction for the crew. [5]:4 For the next 80 seconds, the plane maintained level flight. Right after this event, a new turn comes as a consequence. And he argued there were too many stories, with too many specifics, for this to all be legend. The pilot, Bob Loft (on the left), and flight engineer Don Repo (on the right), were two of the 101 people who perished in the air crash. [22] Eastern considered suing for libel, based on assertions of a cover-up by Eastern executives, but Borman opted not to, feeling a lawsuit would merely provide more publicity for the book. Stockstill died instantly in the impact as the plane crashed into the swampy Florida Everglades. From this point on, the breakup of the fuselage became more extensive, scattering metal fragments, cabin fittings, and passenger seats widely. Television and books told the stories of the Flight 401 Ghosts. Investigators later determined that while the crew was distracted with a front landing gear, the Lockheed L-1011-1 Tristar quietly coasted to its destruction. So I decided to ask around to some of the older Floridians. [5]:3, Loft, who was working the radio during this leg of the flight, told the tower that they would discontinue their approach to their airport and requested to enter a holding pattern. Employees would not come forward for fear they’d be sent to the nuthouse. There he was able to land in a swampy patch of grass and coordinate rescue efforts. Official Eastern Air Lines Flight 401 - History, Photos, Survivors and Tribute. Eliot Kleinberg has been a staff writer for the past three decades at The Palm Beach Post in West Palm Beach, and is the author of 10 books about Florida (ekfla.com). [6]:101 The pilots cycled the landing gear, but still failed to get the confirmation light. The pilots and the flight engineer, two of 10 flight attendants, and 96 of 163 passengers died. [4] It was also the first hull loss and first fatal crash of a Lockheed L-1011 TriStar. 20 Strangest Facts About Dreams That You Never Heard Of, The Unsolved 1987 Slaying Of Dardeen Family Still Haunts Illinois, The Strange Death Of Gloria Ramirez, The Toxic Lady Of Riverside. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Florida Time archives: Get caught up on the stories you’ve missed. It is said that Don Repo would appear only to warn of mechanical or other problems that needed to be checked. From a reader: As a 75-year-old born and raised Floridian from a multigenerational Florida family (we are direct descendants of Domingo Acosta who came to Florida in the late 1700s), I would suggest to Mr. Kleinberg that there is a debated theory of the origin of the term “Florida Cracker.” Growing up, we were very familiar with the term and I can remember wondering where it originated. The pilots and the flight engineer, two of 10 flight attendants, and 96 of 163 passengers died. [5]:4 This altitude alert, designed to warn the pilots of an inadvertent deviation from the selected altitude, went unnoticed by the crew. Thus, the switching to CWS in channel A possibly did not occur in channel B, thus depriving the first officer of any indication the mode had changed (channel A provides the captain's instruments with data, while channel B provides the first officer's).[5]:13. These cookies do not store any personal information. It was Don Repo. Visually, since it was nighttime and the aircraft was flying over the darkened terrain of the Everglades, no ground lights or other visual signs indicated the TriStar was slowly descending. Jay Repo believed. Fourteen survivors had various degrees of burns. Footage of the incident appeared in the film Days of Fury (1979), directed by Fred Warshofsky and hosted by Vincent Price.[26]. [4] Despite their own injuries, the surviving flight attendants were credited with helping other survivors and several quick-thinking actions such as warning survivors of the danger of striking matches due to jet fuel in the swamp water[9] and singing Christmas carols to keep up hope and draw the rescue teams' attention, as flashlights were not part of the standard equipment on commercial airliners at the time. There were 75 survivors. Then, it dropped 100 ft (30 m), and then again flew level for two more minutes, after which it began a descent so gradual it could not be perceived by the crew. Fuller claims Eastern management denied the incidents, and there are no official reports to support them. [14], Over the following months and years, rumors began circulating that employees of Eastern Air Lines were reporting sightings of the dead crew members, captain Robert Loft and second officer (flight engineer) Donald Repo, sitting on board other L-1011 (N318EA) flights. Eastern Air Lines Flight 401 was a scheduled flight from New York to Miami. The crash was documented in Rob and Sarah Elder's 1977 book Crash. Jay Repo said his father came to him even on his own wedding night. [5]:9 The landing gear could have been manually lowered, nonetheless. This was the first fatal crash of a wide-body aircraft. [10], Most of the dead were passengers in the aircraft's midsection. The breakup of the fuselage had freed it from its stowage and activated its inflation mechanism. The second explanation was that back in the early days, it was very common for the country stores in small Florida towns to stock and sell soda crackers. The pilots and the flight engineer, two of 10 flight attendants, and 96 of 163 passengers died; 75 passengers and crew survived. The approach controller cleared the flight to climb to 2,000 ft (610 m), and then hold west over the Everglades. His flight crew included the First Officer Albert Stockstill, 39, and the Second Officer cum flight engineer, Donald Repo, 51. An original floorboard from Flight 401 remains in the archives at History Miami in South Florida. Eastern Air Lines flight 401 encountered no problems while cruising between the two cities. With the aircraft in mid-turn, the left wingtip hit the surface first, then the left engine and the left landing gear,[5]:8 making three trails through the sawgrass, each 5 ft (1.5 m) wide and over 100 ft (30 m) long. Repo was evacuated to a hospital, but later succumbed to his injuries. Chapter 2 - Crash. Il volo Eastern Air Lines 401 era un volo di linea della Eastern Air Lines tra New York e Miami.Il 29 dicembre 1972 il Lockheed L-1011 TriStar che operava il volo è precipitato mentre eseguiva un avvicinamento di routine all'Aeroporto Internazionale di Miami, uccidendo 5 dei 13 membri dell'equipaggio e 94 dei 163 passeggeri (due sopravvissuti morirono in ospedale a causa delle ferite riportate). “There was never anything to it,” Jim Ashlock, who ran public relations for Eastern from 1966 until it folded in 1991, told me in 1997. He said Fuller “made that whole thing up.” He said Eastern hid no logs, destroyed no documents, intimidated no witnesses. After the barrels were empty, the store would put them outside for folks to sit on. The landing gear could have been manually lowered nonetheless. On the day of the crash, Flight 401 was operated using a Lockheed L-1011-1 TriStar (registration N310EA), which had been delivered to the airline on August 18, 1972. [16], While Eastern Air Lines publicly denied their planes were haunted, they reportedly removed all the salvaged parts from their L-1011 fleet. At this moment, the First Officer Albert Stockstill noticed that the landing gear indicator was not illuminating. Issues Aboard Flight 401 Surface. [5]:4 Fifty seconds after reaching their assigned altitude, Captain Loft instructed First Officer Stockstill to put the L-1011 on autopilot. Repo, one of four siblings, was a teenager when his father’s plane dropped into the Everglades. Enter your email address below to subscribe to our newsletter. Submit your questions, comments or memories to FloridaTime@Gatehousemedia.com. Hello Kitty Murder: Fan Man-yee Was Abducted, Raped And Tortured For A Month Before She Died! It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. N310EA, the aircraft involved in the accident. The death toll per the final accident report was 99. Eastern Air Lines CEO (and former Apollo astronaut) Frank Borman called the ghost stories surrounding the crash "garbage". They rushed to rescue survivors. [6]:110 Visually, since it was nighttime and the aircraft was flying over the darkened terrain of the Everglades, no ground lights or other visual signs indicated the TriStar was slowly descending. However, it also complicated the survivors' recuperation, as organisms in the swamp caused infection, with the potential for gas gangrene. "[5]:23–24, In response to the accident, many airlines started crew resource management training for their pilots. On his 1979 album Three Hearts, musician Bob Welch also recorded a song titled "The Ghost of Flight 401". [21] A TV movie The Ghost of Flight 401, was aired in February 1978. [5]:6[a], The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) investigation discovered that the autopilot had been inadvertently switched from altitude hold to control wheel steering (CWS) mode in pitch. Then came scattered parts from the No. Explore the world of strange and unexplained things, creepy stories, true crimes, dark history, paranormal happenings and many more. [6]:107–109, Robert "Bud" Marquis (1929-2008),[7] an airboat pilot, was out frog gigging with Ray Dickinsin (1929-1988) when they witnessed the crash. [23], According to Robert J. Serling's 1980 book From the Captain to the Colonel: An Informal History of Eastern Airlines, the claim that wreckage from Flight 401 was installed and later removed from other Eastern aircraft was false, and no Eastern employees had ever claimed to have seen or believed in the alleged ghost sightings.

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